When Emma was 62, she admitted in the nearby hospital with an acute back pain. Doctors told she had a fracture on a vertebral joint that she never realized before. And doctors found the obvious cause of this- Osteoporosis.
She had a family history of it and she had been taking steroid treating another problem for almost two years. Doctors said those steroid drugs, her age, gender, and family history altogether lead Emma to a higher risk of getting osteoporosis and breaking bones.
What Osteoporosis is
When bone density decreases with aging and the body stops growing new bones as much as it did before invites this painful disease. Bones become weak to weaker and the victim has a higher risk of breaking bones in a simple fall or even a minor knock. Currently, 53 million people in the US are affected by this disease.
Why women are affected more likely than men
women are more prone to be affected by this bone disease than men, especially, after menopause. It is a common after-effect of menopause. As body stops producing estrogen in this stage, the bones become weak and fragile. Estrogen is the most important hormone to protect against osteoporosis.
Who receives this disease and why
Imagine a chair that has two legs as a substitute of four. Bones make the structure of a body. When your body starts dropping bones and does not grow enough bones accordingly, it makes your structure weaker and increases the risk of breaking bones easily by a minor fall or even by no reason.
Men and women both can get osteoporosis, especially, if you are a woman and your age is 50 or above, you are more likely to get osteoporosis. The ratio is-“One out of every two women and one out of five men” of getting bone fractures with aging, the study says. The terrible fact is once you start breaking bones easily you will be getting the same incident frequently and it is not a wonder that you get another fracture after a few days of the first incident.
Emma, the over-mentioned lady had been getting the same occurrence repeatedly.
Reasons that raise the risk of getting osteoporosis:
- Age, sexual category, and past broken bones raise the chance
- The family history of the condition, or a family member with a bone fracture
- Overactive thyroid condition, rheumatoid arthritis, lung diseases, diabetes, and Parkinson’s disease are some special conditions that raise the chance of osteoporosis.
- Medicines like steroids, stomachache medicine, convulsion drugs, or breast and prostate cancer drugs lead to early bone loss thus, osteoporosis.
- Women who have early menopause are at a higher risk of osteoporosis.
- Your body needs regular exercise. With aging, people lose the tenacity to do exercise and they neglect the issue. Lack of exercise is one of the causes of getting this bone problem.
- If you are too thin your bones will become weaker with aging. Your bones become thin and fragile and they break easily.
- For a good bone health, calcium is a must. Lacking calcium and vitamin D invites bone erosion and breaking of bones.
- Lack of taking enough fruits and vegetables drives with bone erosion and osteoporosis.
- Smoking can be a cause of having osteoporosis.
- If you have too much protein, sodium, caffeine, or alcohol in your food chart you have the chance of growing osteoporosis.
You may have one or two things described above. It does not mean that you are affected or you will get the disease soon. It indicates that you should be attentive to consider the bone health and you should take the true steps to make your bones strong.
Some lifestyle changes and medications can reduce the risk of breaking bones, a study says.
Check your Bone Health
Visit orthopedic physician at a regular interval to know the condition of your bones. He/she will check your bone health and guide you accordingly. May you have relief by following simple exercises or you may need a minimal medicinal support. If your problem is adverse you should be more conscious to follow your doctor’s advice strictly.
There are several techniques and instruments to monitor the bone’s activity. Most commonly, doctors suggest doing “Bone Density Test” to evaluate the density of your bones. When you go through the bone density test you can know everything about your bone’s activity and health whether they are normal or they are prone to osteoporosis.
If you are a woman, doctors recommend examining your bone density regularly after the age of 60. The limit is 70 for males. The following points indicate that you need to test earlier than the mentioned age:
- Bone fracture after age 50
- Severe back pain
- Height loss of 1/2 inch, a year
- Significant height loss of 1 and 1/2 inches
- If you have started taking osteoporosis medicines, you need a bone density test in every 1 to 2 years
Here are some tips to prevent broken bones:
If you are living with osteoporosis, your very first priority is to prevent the breaking of bones. Doctors may suggest you medicines as a part of your treatment but there are plenty of things you should follow to make a huge difference for your wellbeing.
- Do exercise to improve your body balance and strength
- Use the right shoes to avoid falling
- Restrict some medicines that increase the risk of bone erosion
- Use nightlights for preventing stumbling or falling
- Don’t make a hurry or panic, move slowly
- Keep your home clean and install railings on the stairs
Bone fracture is not an inevitable occurrence but, following some precautions, you can control the risk of breaking bones with aging. It is worthy definitely to plan something for your physical wellbeing.