What is Pranayama

How to start prayanama

Pranayama is a Sanskrit term. It is a complete breathing exercise and a part of ancient yoga. ‘Prana’ means breath and ‘ayama’ means control. Thus, Pranayama helps you control over breathing and cleans the channels or nadis in your body.

Breathing is the most vital issue to stay alive. You can live three months without foods, a few days without water but, you cannot survive a few minutes without breathing. When we breathe our body gets oxygen that is very important for our organs. Pranayama teaches the techniques of breathing that affect our actions and thoughts positively. Your breathing is rhythmic when you are happy. Similarly, you have disturbed or interrupted breathing when you are worried or stressed. Practicing the art of breathing is a vital step towards self-help and self-healing.

This part of the yoga system teaches you the skill of breathing to enhance the fitness of your body and mind. In many ways, it teaches you how to inhale, exhale, and retain your breath skillfully for solving a lot of physical and emotional issues. By regular practicing, one can change the intensity, rate, and pattern of breathing.

prayanama practice

Benefits of Pranayama

  • It is beneficial to treat a range of psychological disorders related to stress and anxiety.
  • It helps to purify blood and the respiratory system.
  • It fights against asthma-related problems.
  • It reduces oxidative stress and makes you calm.
  • It helps you make a firm decision, strong willpower, and right judgment.
  • It grows strong observational power and extends one’s lifespan.
  • A number of investigations show that it improves the cardio respiratory system and helps to control high blood pressure.
  • Certain practices are good for controlling weights.

Choose the right time to practice

It is a great way to start your day with Pranayama practices. Early morning is the most suitable time for practicing these practices. For a better result go outside and choose a place where you get fresh air and a disturbance-free environment. An empty stomach is good for practicing these breathing exercises. If you choose other spans of a day, remember that these practices should not be done just after eating, bathing or sexual activities. Give at least one hour gap to start pranayama practices after these activities

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Suitable Clothing

There is no specific rule about clothing during the time of pranayama practices. But for your comfort, choose loose and relaxed outfits that you can move easily. Sit straight and in the cross-legged position. Keep your spine stretched and your head, neck, and chest should be in a straight line. Use a comfortable yoga mat.

Some limitations

Anyone can think to start pranayama breathing exercises but, it should be practiced with care. It is better to start with the supervision of an expert. When you learn totally you can start practice at your own at your own place but, learning the steps and techniques properly is essential.

  • It is recommended not to practice the exercises during pregnancy.
  • Don’t perform Pranayama exercises in those days of menstruation.
  • Anyone having a poor heart condition or any kind of heart diseases or having a recent history of heart attacks are suggested to take doctor’s advice first before starting the practices.
  • People with low blood pressure must do Pranayama under the direction of an instructor.
  • Bronchitis and pneumonia patients should avoid the practices.
  • During the radiation and chemotherapy period, the practices should be avoided.
  • People with psychological conditions like severe trauma, anxiety, depression, and anger are recommended not to practice without the doctor’s advice.

Types of Pranayama

Pranayama offers different breathing practices that are beneficial for healing a number of physical and psychological disorders. These ancient breathing exercises have the control to offer you healthy living, full of positive energies and strong perspectives of life. Completing the total series one must dedicate 30-40 minutes daily to explore and imbibe the knowledge of pranayama.

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Ujjayi Pranayama

Possibly it stimulates the functions of speech, memory, immunity, and endeavor by making sound from the throat. It is recommended to heal ear, nose, and throat problems.

Anuloma Viloma Pranayama

It is performed for improving blood circulation, removing heart blockages, releasing stress, anxiety, and depression naturally. It is highly effective for reducing blood pressure.

Kapal Bhati

Practitioners perform this breathing exercise to improve concentration and awareness. It makes the abdominal muscles stronger and helps to burn calories. It is associated with reducing obesity.

Agnisara Pranayama

It improves digestion power by enhancing the functions of the stomach and intestines. It eases the function of large intestines by creating increased abdominal pressure.

Bhramari Pranayama

It develops spiritual values and keeps your mind calm. It improves your thinking and judgmental power by improving your spiritual aspects.

Sheetkari and Sheetali Pranayama

The purpose of doing this breathing exercise is to cool down the body temperature. It may have a positive influence on the nervous system.

Surya Bhedana Pranayama

Basically, it is performed for increasing the pranic energy to rejuvenate your body. It improves the efficiency of the nervous system and it is also effective for an improved digestive system.

Bhastrika Pranayama

It is intended to boost blood circulation and to trigger body channels. It brings calmness to your mind.


The process of Pranayama is connected to breathing, the savior of life. Therefore, if it is performed unscientifically, one certainly suffers a lot. The processes are not difficult but, a common man cannot perform it properly without guidance. If you learn and practice the steps under the guidance of an expert you can experience the amazing and unbelievable benefits of this ancient breathing exercise.

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